Select Page

Secondary Manifestations of Joint Hypermobility

Secondary manifestations of joint hypermobility:

o Trauma

§ Dislocations, subluxations, and other soft tissue injuries likely result of trauma due to excessive joint movement, typically leads to acute pain and loss of function
§ Microtrauma typically not noticed as it occurs, but can predispose to pain or early joint degeneration over time.

o Chronic pain

§  Can be a long-term complication of JH

§  Hyperalgesia (increased pain sensitivity) suggested in patients
with EDS and chronic pain

• Could be a direct result of connective tissue defects

• Could be that a common biological mechanism gives rise to various forms of chronic pain, independent of the cause of joint disease

o Disturbed proprioception (sense of the relative position of parts of the body)

§ Mechanism of relationship to JH poorly understood.

o Other musculoskeletal traits

§  May be the result of interactions of “soft” musculoskeletal tissues with mechanical forces during growth.

§  Include flat feet, elbows, feet, and toes angled outward (valgus deformity), spinal curvature